Monday, December 30, 2013

Protesters Unite Around Demand For Hun Sen’s Resignation

By  - December 30, 2013

Five separate protests in Phnom Penh came to a crescendo Sunday in front of Prime Minister Hun Sen’s office building—the Peace Palace—with an estimated 50,000 protesters marching down Russian Boulevard and calling for the long-serving CPP leader to step down.
Now in their 15th straight day, the opposition CNRP’s demonstrations calling for fresh elections and the prime minister’s resignation have grown in strength this week, with Sunday’s march amounting to the largest protest against Mr. Hun Sen’s government in at least 15 years.
Demonstrators, whose number may have reached 50,000, march down Phnom Penh's Mao Tse Toung Boulevard on Sunday, calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Hun Sen. (Siv Channa)
Demonstrators, whose number may have reached 50,000, march down Phnom Penh’s Mao Tse Toung Boulevard on Sunday, calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Hun Sen. (Siv Channa)
Four separate demonstrations, led by anti-eviction activists, civil servants, informal sector workers and monks, joined up with supporters of the opposition CNRP outside the Chinese Embassy on Mao Tse Toung Boulevard at 4:15 p.m. and marched together past Phsar Doeum Kor market, onto Russian Boulevard, past the Ministry of Defense, the Council of Ministers building and, finally, Mr. Hun Sen’s headquarters, before returning to Freedom Park.
The march, which lasted for about four hours and stretched for more than 3 kilometers, was devoid of almost any state security presence until the final stretch on Russian Boulevard, and remained peaceful throughout.
Scattered demonstrations were held throughout the day Sunday, with a group of about 300 Buddhist monks and protesters, led by the Venerable But Buntenh, marching from Freedom Park to the Ministry of Cults and Religion, where they arrived at about 8:30 a.m.
The monks, affiliated with the activist Independent Monks’ Network for Social Justice, blocked the same section of Sisowath Quay that they closed earlier this month when they besieged a meeting of senior clergy to demand a statement be released over the theft on December 10 of the country’s only Buddha relics from Odong mountain.
The monks this time called for Minister of Cults and Religion Min Khin to stand down over the failure of the government to act over the theft of the relics, modifying the “Hun Sen, get out!” chant that has pervaded recent opposition demonstrations to “Min Khin, get out!”
Just after 9:30 a.m., a representative of the ministry came out to receive a petition held by the monks, which calls for Mr. Khin to resign “without conditions within 14 days.”
“Recently, he has not paid attention to the loss of the Buddha relics, and did not take any action…to arrest the robbers to see them punished,” the petition states.
After making a stop to harangue officials at the Ministry of Education, the National Bank and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, the monks arrived at Wat Phnom after 11 a.m. There, they passed by a hodgepodge of other protests calling for—among other things—rises to the minimum wage, increased civil servant salaries, cheaper fuel, an end to land-grabs and for Mr. Hun Sen to stand down.
Among those groups were about 200 anti-eviction protesters, dressed in traditional white funeral attire and holding lotus flowers, who started their morning at about 8:30 a.m. with a march to City Hall, where they called for the resignation of Phnom Penh Governor Pa Socheatvong.
Arriving outside of Mr. Socheatvong’s office building shortly before 9 a.m., the protesters, who claimed to represent 28 communities in the city who have either been evicted or face eviction, called on the governor to either resolve their disputes or step down.
“I would like to ask Mr. Pa Socheatvong to stop violence against innocent people,” Song Srey Leap, a former resident of the Boeng Kak lake community, shouted through a loudspeaker mounted atop a tuk-tuk.
“We also ask him to step down from his position because he lacks ability,” Ms. Srey Leap added.
City Hall spokesman Long Dimanche said the opposition rally numbered around 20,000 demonstrators, and had doubled in size from last Sunday’s rally as the opposition had trucked supporters in from provincial areas to take part.
On Saturday, the Council of Ministers issued a statement condemning the opposition’s demonstrations, which it said are in violation of the law, and “affects the peoples’ rights and livelihoods.”
“Particularly the flouting of nonviolent demonstration laws; blocking of municipal hall and the road; destroying public and private property, and hampering the operations of public institutions,” the Council of Ministers said in its list of complaints.
After leaving City Hall on Sunday morning, the anti-eviction protesters then marched past Freedom Park, where a few thousand CNRP supporters had already massed, and on to the nearby Council for the Development of Cambodia (CDC), where they called for foreign countries to halt development aid to Mr. Hun Sen’s government.
“We march today to send a message to Mr. Hun Sen to step down from his position because he is incapable of developing the country,” said Tep Vanny, another resident of the former Boeng Kak lake community, who said the CDC and aid donors were complicit in their evictions.
“We would like to condemn the donors because they conspired with the government to mistreat Cambodian people through development,” Ms. Vanny said.
In the afternoon, the monks gathered again, along with representatives of the Independent Democracy of Informal Economy Association and the Cambodia Independent Civil Servant Association (CICA) at the Council of Ministers.
“Prime Minister Hun Sen must tell Mr. Sok Kong [the owner of Sokimex] to lower the price of petrol to 4,000 riel [about $1] per liter. If he does not, we will keep demonstrating every Sunday,” CICA adviser Phuon Sovann said over a loudspeaker.
“We want the government to increase the salary for civil servants to 2 million riel [about $500] per month so that they can live easily!” Mr. Sovann shouted.
Starting their own march at about 2 p.m., opposition leaders Sam Rainsy and Kem Sokha headed south on Monivong Boulevard, before turning east on Mao Tse Toung and circling back via Russian Boulevard, returning more than four hours later to Freedom Park.
Standing in the bed of a pickup truck in the middle of the march, the opposition leaders were followed by Mam Sonando, the popular radio station owner and head of the Association of Democrats, who rode in an SUV.
Also trailing the CNRP president and vice president were Kem Monovithya and Rachel Sam, the daughters of Mr. Sokha and Mr. Rainsy, who, sitting on the roof of another SUV, waved at the crowd and occasionally held their hands up in unison, a pose their fathers’ have made iconic.
Spread throughout the march, protest leaders, sat atop tuk-tuks and speaking over loudspeakers, led the demonstrators in chanting for a re-election and Mr. Hun Sen’s resignation. They also led a call-and-response chant in which they aired their grievances toward the prime minister.
“Who sold the land?” asked the chant leaders, to which protesters answered “Hun Sen.”
When the march arrived at the stretch of Russian Boulevard lined with government buildings, they fanned across both lanes of the street and adjacent gardens and, marching within meters of the Peace Palace’s gates, roared for Mr. Hun Sen to step aside.
A pair of military police officers armed with assault rifles stood outside Mr. Hun Sen’s office building, along with several municipal police, with at least a dozen heavily armed military police standing inside the gates and other security forces perched on the roof.
Returning back to the park well after sunset, Mr. Sokha addressed the crowd of tens of thousands of supporters packed into Freedom Park, calling on Mr. Hun Sen to face the people.
“He’s so cruel that people can no longer stand him,” Mr. Sokha said.
“We have enough people to remove him, but we sympathize with him and will let him think for a few more days,” Mr. Sokha said. “Don’t think that we are afraid. We’re not scared of dying, but of losing our nation,” he continued.
“We can go to Independence Monument, but we don’t want to,” Mr. Sokha said, in obvious reference to Mr. Hun Sen’s residence, adding: “So don’t worry. Sleep tight.”
(Reporting by Phorn Bopha, Aun Pheap, Mech Dara, Alex Willemyns and Colin Meyn)

Saturday, December 28, 2013

Muhammad Ali: memulangkan semula darjah kebesaran yang pernah diterima - #Sinarharian

SHAH ALAM - Gara-gara artikel ‘Menuntut Hak, Menebus Masa Silam’ yang ditulisnya, bekas Presiden Johor Corp (JCorp), Tan Sri Muhammad Ali Hashim disifatkan menderhaka kepada Raja.

Menurut Setiausaha Jemaah Majlis Diraja Johor, Datuk Abdul Rahim Ramli, artikel berkenaan menyebut nama Tanjung Puteri yang merupakan nama asal Johor dan dikhuatiri artikel itu disalah tafsir oleh sesetengah pihak yang mengaitkannya dengan Sultan Johor.

Semalam, Muhammad Ali telah memulangkan semula ketiga-tiga darjah kebesaran yang pernah diterima iaitu Darjah Dato' Seri Paduka Mahkota Johor (SPMJ), Darjah Dato' Paduka Mahkota Johor (DPMJ) dan Setia Mahkota Johor (SMJ).

Malah menurut beliau, ekoran tidak dapat menerima dakwaan tersebut, Presiden Dewan Perdagangan Islam Malaysia itu akui terpaksa membuat kenyataan melalui media bagi menjelaskan perkara tersebut.

“Kenyataan itu dibuat secara spontan dalam satu sidang media yang diadakan oleh beliau (Abdul Rahim). Jadi, ia satu kenyataan umum tanpa terlebih dahulu mendapat penjelasan daripada saya.

“Jadi, saya anggap itu satu tuduhan dan hukuman dilakukan oleh beliau, sama ada dengan persetujuan jemaahnya sekali (atau tidak)...saya tak tahu,” katanya kepada Sinar Harian Online ketika ditemui pada sidang media khas di Putrajaya, hari ini.

Mengulas lanjut, beliau memberitahu tidak menerima apa-apa maklum balas dari pihak tersebut selepas mengirim surat rasmi bertarikh 18 Disember lalu.

“Saya terpaksa membuat kenyataan media ini. Tetapi oleh sebab Setiausaha Jemaah Majlis Diraja Johor telah memulakan isu ini dengan membuat kenyataan di media secara terbuka, itu tuduhan dan hukuman yang tak dapat saya terima. Lebih-lebih kerana saya tidak pernah diminta memberi penjelasan sebelum itu.

“Saya telah menulis surat kepada mereka bertarikh 18 Disember dan saya maklumkan bahawa dalam tempoh tujuh hari, saya akan serah (darjah kebesaran). Dalam tempoh itu, saya tidak menerima apa-apa maklum balas daripada pihak istana Johor, maka saya ambil keputusan untuk membuat kenyataan media,” katanya.

Beliau menekankan bahawa khidmat bakti selama 30 tahun di JCorp antara bukti nyata taat setia dan sanjungan tinggi kepada kerajaan negeri Johor dan institusi raja.

“Saya telah mencurahkan segala-galanya untuk membina JCorp sekali gus membangun ekonomi negeri Johor selain meningkatkan ekonomi bangsa Melayu.

“Saya tidak rela khidmat sepanjang kerjaya yang diamanahkan, diperlekeh kerana sesungguh ia bukti nyata taat setia dan sanjungan tinggi yang tidak berbelah bahagi kepada kerajaan negeri dan institusi raja,” katanya.

Monday, December 23, 2013


Berikutan daripada kejadian lima letupan bom berasingan di tiga daerah di Selatan Thailand iaitu Danok, Padang Besar dan Sadao pada tengahari 22 Disember 2013, Kementerian Luar Negeri ingin memaklumkan bahawa lokasi letupan tersebut adalah seperti berikut:

i)   Di hadapan Balai Polis Padang Besar;
ii)  Di hadapan Balai Polis Sadao;
iii) Di hadapan dan belakang Hotel Oliver, Danok;
iv) Di hadapan Bangkok Disco, Danok; dan
v)  Di hadapan Tesco Lotus, Sadao.

Kementerian Luar Negeri juga ingin memaklumkan jumlah keseluruhan orang awam yang tercedera dalam kejadian itu adalah seramai 27 orang. Namun begitu, tiada rakyat Malaysia yang dilaporkan terlibat dalam kejadian tersebut.

Kebanyakan laluan telah ditutup bagi memudahkan pihak berkuasa tempatan mengawal keadaan. Kedutaan Besar Malaysia di Bangkok dan Konsulat Jeneral Malaysia di Songkhla akan terus berhubung dan bekerjasama dengan pihak berkuasa Thailand bagi memantau keadaan di kawasan yang terlibat dari semasa ke semasa.

(Sumber - Kementerian Luar Negeri)

Sunday, December 22, 2013

Psychic Phenomena: Why Scientists Deny It?

Even though films like ‘Inception’, ‘Waking Life‘ and more recently, ‘John Dies at the End’ and ‘Now You See Me’ wouldn’t be approachable without assuming the authenticity of unexplainable events, most people, including most scientists, are unaware of the vast abundance of compelling scientific evidence for psychic phenomena, which has resulted from over a century of para-psychological research. Thousands of archaeological finds also suggest the use of such phenomenon in prehistorictimes.
Hundreds of carefully controlled studies — in which psi researchers continuously redesigned experiments to address comments from their critics — have produced results that demonstrate marginal but statistically significant effects for psi phenomena, especially with regard to telepathy, precognition, and psychokinesis.
Biologist Rupert Sheldrake, Neurologist Vilaynur Ramachandran and Physicist Dean Radin are modern scientific pioneers in this field, and speak of compelling evidence for psychic phenomena, which imply that our minds are also more interconnected to one another than previously imagined.

telepathy psychic phenomenaThese perspectives have dramatic implications when they become the basis for how we see the world, where we define boundaries, and how we view the process of extinction.
According to Radin, a meta-analysis of this research demonstrates that the positive results from these studies are significant with odds in the order of many billions to one. Princeton University, the Stanford Research Institute, Duke University, the Institute of Noetic Science, the U.S. and Russian governments, and many other respectable institutions have spent years researching mysterious phenomena such as remote viewing and super-soldiers, and conventional science is at a loss to explain the results.
This question into the authenticity of the research is based on a very deep-seated, kind of knee-jerk prejudice reaction, and there’s nothing new about it. If you read the kind of comments that scientists made about some of the early psychical research in 1880s and ’90s, it was just as ignorant, with almost the same words they use today. Firstly, the reason is ideological. A lot of scientists are committed to a materialist ideology because they cannot imagine a world that would exist otherwise.
Essentially, they think that the mind and the brain are the same thing. The mind is nothing but the brain, or the activity of the brain, so therefore it’s all inside the head. So anything like telepathy, clairvoyance and the like that suggests that there might be mental inferences working beyond the spatial boundaries of the brain simply doesn’t fit into a clockwork view of the world, and therefore it has to be rejected.

psychic cartoonThis attempt to ignore or reject things that don’t fit into a world view is a very well known human tendency. It’s happened over and over again in the history of science. In the end the evidence wins out, but in the case of psychical phenomena, this denial is still quite strong.
This behavior is akin to the cardinals at the time of Galileo, who didn’t believe there could be craters on the Moon, so they just didn’t want to look through his telescopes which showed that there were. Similarly, in the nineteenth century, creationists who didn’t want to believe in an evolutionary theory had to explain away the fossils as being, in the most extreme case, put there by God to try our faith.
It’s based on a particularly limited belief system — one that was developed in the late eighteenth century, before we knew anything much about genes, electricity and magnetism and certainly before atomic theory and quantum non-locality was known about. It’s really Enlightenment rationalism of the sort of 1790s variety.
The Enlightenment rationalists believed that science and reason should sweep away religion, dogma, and superstition, and this was an ideological and social agenda. In many ways this was liberating and important. We’re all the beneficiaries of this, but it’s become a restrictive dogmatism now, and science has moved on a long way since the late eighteenth century.
Field phenomena were unknown then. A lot of these phenomena that were classified as superstition, like psychic phenomena, really do exist, and they can be explained in terms of fields as Rupert Sheldrake does quite stunningly.
Says Sheldrake: “So I think, in fact, these are reflected in the physical world, as we understand it, through modern physics and the principles that underlie all matter in the universe, which are the formative aspect of fields. Everything is shaped through fields. The gravitational field shapes the whole universe. Quantum fields shape atoms, and electromagnetic fields shape molecules. And morphic fields shape organisms, the arrangement of social groups, and so forth. There are all these fields that give form and order to nature, and there’s energy, which is the moving principle of nature. It’s what makes things happen, change, alter. It’s the principle of activity.”psychic cartoon
The only way these phenomena can be understood is its actualization, simultaneously, in information and nervous systems that are separated from each other in space-time by a common non-local domain.
As we understand more about the physics of non-locality — which is really an elaboration of the Einstein-Padolski-Rosen equation and Bell’s Theorem we will have a better way to explain and understand the mechanisms of these happenstance.
Evidence of so-called telepathy, precognition, remembrance of other lifetimes, and prophecy are, when proven authentic, examples of simultaneous actualization of information in different nervous systems from a singular underlying non-local field.
Just as fascinating as the research into psychic phenomena is the controversy that surrounds it. Although surveys conducted by Sheldrake and David J Brown reveal that around 78 percent of the population has had unexplainable “psychic” experiences – remarkable coincidences, uncanny premonitions, precognitive dreams, and seemingly telepathic communications – and scientific evidence supports the validity of these experiences. But many scientists are unaware of this evidence and think that direct brain-to-brain communication is impossible, and that there is no reality to psychic phenomenon.
When Sheldrake and Brown investigated whether pets could anticipate their owner’s arrival in ways not easily explained by conventional science, they approached the phenomena of telepathy as if it were part of the natural world, an adaptive ability that evolved through the process of natural selection, like any other biological trait. But this perspective is unusual in the scientific community.
This ignorance demonstrates the enormous power that a scientific paradigm can hold over a generation of scientists even though all the evidence amassed suggest otherwise, and it makes me wonder: Just how else might our concepts and assumptions be limiting our view of the everything we experience?
As an evidence of this consider how two of the most outspoken atheists – Derren Brown and Richard Dawkins are the most staunch opponents of this theory of interconnectedness and instead choose to reduce everything to rationalizations or tricks in a bag.

Saturday, December 21, 2013

Understanding Brainwaves to Expand our Consciousness

The human brain is a complex entity constantly at work, sending electrical signals, communicating, building new neural connections and so on. This electrical activity generated by the brain, also known as brainwaves, reflect our state of mind. Reality is not based on outside influences but is an internal process based on our thoughts, perception and emotions. If we deepen our understanding of these brainwave frequencies, we can control our reality.
There are five different kinds of brainwaves – Beta, Alpha, Theta, Delta and Gamma
Humans have 5 different types of brainwave that take us to levels of consciouness
Humans have 5 different types of brainwave that take us to different levels of consciouness . Each occue at a specific frequency or pattern
It is completely a natural biological occurrence in every human being to experience these different states at various times in a day, and generally one state is dominant.
Did you know that each brainwave has its own set of characteristics representing a unique state of consciousness? Each brainwave state occur in a specific frequency range measured in cycles per second (Hz).
Each type of brainwave played a critical role in our mental development during our childhood. And today, they play an important role in maintaining our health and vitality as adults. Lets take a look at the different brain wave states and the associated benefits and experiences -
Beta (12 to 30 Hz)
Beta are the brainwaves of our normal waking consciousness. It is associated with a heightened state of alertness, logical thinking, problem-solving ability, concentration, when the mind is actively engaged in mental activities. Like a person in active conversation, playing sports or making a presentation would be in a Beta state. But higher Beta levels also result into stress, anxiety and restlessness.
Most people spend their waking lives in a beta state, no wonder many people experience high stress levels in today’s world. At the same time Beta is required for effective functioning in daily life.
brainwave frequency chart
Brainwave frequency chart showing the different frequencies and its state of mind
Alpha – (8 to 12 Hz)
Alpha brainwaves are slower in frequency as compared to Beta, which translates to a highly relaxed state of awareness. It is a normal brainwave pattern in people who are naturally relaxed and creative. Like you are daydreaming, or even when one close their eyes and meditate, this frequency enhances your imagination, memory, concentration, creativity, reduces stress so you can focus on learning and performance.
Meditation results in increase in alpha waves, therefore many meditation and energy healing techniques utilize an alpha brain wave for relaxation and healing. Even the use of Cannabis has been linked to an increase in alpha waves in the brain. Children tend to have much higher levels of alpha brainwaves than adults.
Alpha brainwaves are considered the healthiest brainwave range and 10 Hz has widely been accepted as the “safest” brainwave frequency to train.
Listen to the Alpha Brainwave Music -

Theta – (4 to 7 Hz)
Theta brainwave occur during deep relaxation and meditation, light sleep or lucid dreaming including the REM dream state. It is the realm of your subconsciousness, where the mind is capable of profound insight, advanced intuition, healing, and oneness – in Theta state our minds can connect to the universe and manifest life-enhacing changes.

You can also experience vivid visualizations, great inspiration and profound creativity. The lower the brain frequency the faster the learning. Meditation or yoga is credited as being so relaxing because they induce the mind in a trance like state where it starts generating theta waves. People tend to have paranormal, psychic experiences when their brain is full of theta brainwaves.
Most children and teenagers have dominant theta brainwave patterns.
Listen to some Theta Meditation music -
Delta – (0.5 to 4 Hz)
Delta waves are the slowest in frequency but are the highest in amplitude. Observed in deep, dreamless sleep, this frequency is the gateway to the universal mind and the collective unconscious, where information received is otherwise unavailable at the conscious level.
Delta brainwave states have long been associated with healing, because deep sleep is necessary for regeneration and for your body’s self-healing mechanisms! Delta waves in meditation are said to help experienced practitioners access the unconscious mind. It is a dominant brainwave of infants (birth to 24 months) and even adults in deep sleep.
Gamma (25 to 100 Hz)
The Gamma brainwave is the fastest frequency at which the brain functions, where an individual can experience bursts of insight or high-level information processing. Experiments on Tibetan Buddhist monks have shown a correlation between transcendental mental states and gamma waves. When the monks were asked to generate feelings of compassion, their brain activity went into gamma frequency in a rhythmic, coherent manner. It is the state of being ‘in the Zone,’ the feeling that you can do anything.
Altering Brainwave states
All of us experience these brainwave frequencies at different times every day, which take us to different levels of consciousness. Like when you are awake you are in a different brainwave state as compared to when you are sleeping. You can alter your brainwave pattern in order to reach a desired level of consciousness. For example if you can’t get sleep at night when you feel stressed, you can synchronize your brainwave into the frequency that corresponds to sleep using sound.
This technique of synchronizing your brainwave frequencies to an external audio stimuli is known asBrainwave Entrainment. As this process is continued for sometime, the brainwave is tuned to the frequency of external sound and thus achieve the particular frequency level of that sound (alpha, theta or delta).
But you don’t need external stimulus if you can meditate. During meditation you reach a calm and relaxed state, this is the alpha state of consciousness. As the meditation deepens you find yourself being more calm and focused and the brainwave level reaches to theta (and finally to delta) state.
Binaural beats are specialized sounds which are hearable to human ears despite having a frequency lower than 20 Hz
Binaural Beats are a brain wave entrainment audio stimulus that alter your state of consciousness
Ways of Brainwave Entrainment
Binaural Beats
How can a sound with frequency lower than 20 Hz range be audible to the human ear? The answer lies in a specialized sound known as Binaural beats. What it did was simple – playing two different frequencies in each ear, the brain detects the difference between the two frequencies and tunes into the third ‘binaural beat.’
So if you play 400Hz into the right ear, and 410Hz into your left ear (using stereo headphones) your brain produces a third binaural beat pulsing at 10 Hz, which is the difference between the two tones. 10 Hz is also equal to the alpha frequency, which brings about light relaxation, meditation, and creative thinking.
Binaural Beats shall provide you some excellent results often instantly which will help you in many ways. Binaural Beats (Use headphones while listening)
synchronization of frequenies brainwave entrainment
Theta is associated with extreme relaxation, sleep or drowsiness. Generally, one feels a sense of peace and calm when the brain kicks into theta gear.
Isochronic tones
Brainwave entrainment isochronic tones
Isochronic tones are switched on and off via predictable patterns, creating a pulse effect that is extremely effective when used for therapeutic reasons
Isochronic are even more intense than binaural beats and considered more effective. An isochronic tone is a single tone that turns on and off in a particular pattern. Each of the tones are distinct and are evenly spaced to be able to create a lasting impression on the brain.

Basically our brains have to do much less work to get the same effects as binaural beats – which allows us to feel more relaxed, get in a more powerful and peaceful meditative state and visualize better. It is recommended to use headphones. Many people who do not respond well to binaural beats often respond very well to isochronic tones.
However, for a permanent life-changing spiritual focus, you need to use traditional meditation methods as your primary tools to access higher dimensions. As you know meditation can also make structural changesto the brain in powerful and positive ways and even the people around you!

Karl Marx

Karl Marx - Tokoh Pemikir Pertengahan Abad ke 19
Suatu percubaan untuk melihat falsafah sejarah sebagai sesuatu yang saintifik telah dilakukan oleh seorang tokoh pada pertengahan abad kesembilan belas iaitu Karl Marx, beliau tokoh keturunan Yahudi yang terkenal dengan konsep faham kebendaan atau dialektik materialisme yang menjadi asas kepada suatu fahaman atau ideologi keduniaan yang baru yang dikenali sebagai sosialisme atau komunisme. 

Dengan perkataan lain, Marx telah menjadikan falsafah sejarah sebagai asas bagi ideologi sosiopolitiknya yang baru itu. Tetapi, dalam pada itu bukanlah bererti bahawa semua idea beliau adalah bernas dan asli belaka. 

Sebenarnya beliau banyak mengambil idea ahli-ahli fikir yang terdahulu daripada beliau. Misalnya, beliau telah dipengaruhi oleh idea Locke tentang teori nilaian dan Holbach tentang faham kebendaan atau materialisme sejarah. 

Malahan tesis kedoktoran beliau adalah tentang Democritus dan Epicurus, iaitu dua orang ahli fikir zaman purba yang telah membicarakan tentang faham kebendaan itu. Oleh kerana itu idea yang dikemukakan oleh Marx sedikit sebanyaknya telah juga diperkatakan oleh ahli-ahli fikir sebelum beliau. 

Keistimewaan Marx ialah beliau telah dapat memberikan analisis dan sintesis yang lojik ataupun saintifik menurut istilah serta dakwaannya sendiri terhadap sejarah. Dengan itu beliau dapat memberikan jawapan yang dianggapnya tepat terhadap proses pergerakan sejarah itu.

Tuesday, December 17, 2013

Celcom, Digi meterai perjanjian dengan TM

    Celcom, Digi meterai perjanjian dengan TM
    Add caption
  • Zamzamzairani Mohd Isa (tiga, kiri) bersama wakil-wakil syarikat telekomunikasi Celcom dan Digi ketika menandatangani perjanjian di Kuala Lumpur.

Telekom Malaysia Berhad (TM) bersama Celcom Axiata Berhad (Celcom), melalui anak syarikat milik penuh, Celcom Networks Sdn Bhd (Celcom Networks) dan DiGi Telecommunications Sdn Bhd (DiGi) menandatangani perjanjian kerjasama lebar jalur pukal bagi perkhidmatan TM Next-Gen Backhaul.

Ia membolehkan syarikat pengendali rangkaian mudah alih (MNO) menambah baik kualiti rangkaian dalam menawarkan kependaman (latency) rendah dan jalur lebar tinggi peranti mudah alih.

Menurut kenyataan yang dikeluarkan, kerjasama itu adalah langkah positif dalam memberikan pengalaman lebih berkualiti apabila mengakses kandungan digital jalur lebar tinggi.

TM akan menyediakan jalur lebar pukal melalui perkhidmatan TM Next-Gen Backhaul bagi menghimpun tapak-tapak akses kepunyaan Celcom dan DiGi meliputi 3,000 dan 3,500 kilometer di Semenanjung Malaysia.

Ketua Pegawai Eksekutif Kumpulan Tan Sri Zamzamzairani Mohd Isa berkata, kerjasama jangka panjang ini menjangkau lebih daripada 10 tahun akan menyaksikan dua fasa pembangunan.

"Fasa pertama meliputi tempoh tiga tahun bermula 2014 hingga 2016 diikuti fasa kedua tapak tambahan akses mudah alih dan tapak-tapak penghimpun seluruh Semenanjung Malaysia.

"Kerjasama ini menegaskan komitmen TM menyediakan akses terbuka kepada semua penyedia perkhidmatan yang memiliki lesen dengan SKMM,” katanya.

Monday, December 16, 2013

Menteri Muda Sarawak dirompak, kereta dilarikan

 Menteri Muda Kebudayaan dan Warisan negeri YB Liwan Lagang

KUCHING: Menteri Muda Kebudayaan dan Warisan negeri Liwan Lagang dirompak dan kenderaannya dilarikan dua penjenayah dalam satu kejadian awal hari ini. (16/12/2013)

Menurut jurucakap polis, dalam kejadian 6.10 pagi itu Liwan yang juga Anggota Dewan Undangan Negeri Belaga turut mengalami kecederaan pada paha kanan akibat terkena pisau ketika bergelut dengan perompak terbabit

"Kejadian berlaku ketika mangsa berhenti untuk membeli surat khabar di Kota Sentosa selepas menghantar anaknya ke Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuching untuk balik ke Bintulu. 

"Apabila beliau hendak keluar dari kenderaan pacuan empat rodanya, datang dua lelaki bersenjatakan pisau dengan seorang memakai topeng, mengarahkannya keluar dari kenderaan," kata jurucakap itu kepada Bernama di sini. 

Menurutnya berlaku pergelutan antara Liwan dan suspek yang menyaksikan Menteri Muda itu mengalami kecederaan selepas terkena pisau sebelum ditarik keluar oleh suspek. 

"Kedua-dua suspek kemudian melarikan diri dengan memandu kenderaan milik beliau," kata jurucakap itu lagi. 

Sementara itu, Ketua Polis Daerah Padawan Superintendan Pauzi Bujang mengesahkan kejadian dan polis sudah melancarkan gerakan mengesan suspek dan kenderaan yang dilarikan. - BERNAMA 

Sunday, December 15, 2013

Prof. Madya Mohd. Zaki Abdullah dilantik sebagai Pengarah Infotech UiTM, Shah Alam.

Prof. Madya Mohd. Zaki Abdullah mantap Rektor UiTM Pulai Pinang dilantik sebagai Pengarah Pusat Sistem Maklumat (Infotech) UiTM Shah Alam. Beliau mengantikan Prof. Madya Rahidzab Talib yang telah tamat tempuh perkhidmatan. Perlantikan beliau berkuatkuasa mulai 1 hb. Disember 2013.

Saturday, December 14, 2013

Site Meeting Report Format


A. A Pre‑construction Conference will be held at the site at a time to be designated by Owner.

B. Representatives of Contractor, including project superinten­dent, foreman, and all subcontractors, shall meet with Owner or his appointed representative.

1.02 AGENDA:

A. As a minimum, the following items will be on meeting agenda:

1. Designation of all personnel.
2. Communication.
3. Construction Schedule.
4. Critical work sequencing and deck repair procedures.
5. Existing facilities and maintenance of operation.
6. Submittals procedures.
7. Project record documents procedures.
8. Processing Field and Change Orders.


A. Attendance:
1. Owner (Representative, if desired by Owner).
2. Consultant and On-site Inspector.
3. Contractor (Manager, Superintendent, and Foreman).
4. Subcontractors.
5. Material Suppliers (if required).

B. Sign-in list for all attending, including names, title, phone number, and company.

C. Contract Review:

1. Execution.
2. Insurance certificates.
3. Bid review.
4. Schedule of values and progress payment processing.
5. Notice to proceed and start date.
6. Bond and permit requirements.
7. Project communications and problem resolution.
8. Change order and additional work order processing.

D. Job Site Conditions and Requirements:
1. Services (temporary):
a) Water.
b) Power.
c) Sanitary facilities.
d) Parking areas.
e) Telephone access.
f) Review each of the above as to who shall furnish each, restrictions, and scheduling.

2. Site Access and Restrictions:
a) Set-up areas, material storage, and handling.
b) Protection of buildings, grounds, and building interior.

3. Working Area and Preparation:
a) Review work flow and schedule.
b) Preparation work by other trades.
c) Protection of existing roof and deck.

E. Technical Sections:

1. Review submittals.
2. Function of on-site inspector and other on site personnel.
3. Material storage methods.
4. Roof drainage conditions.
5. Coordination of work with other trades; and Owner.
6. Testing.
7. System review.
8. Manufacturer inspections:
a) Inspection scheduled.
b) Final inspection and issuance of warranty.

F. Safety and Security - Review Contractor responsibilities, and establish Owner monitoring procedures.

G. Summary and Questions

H. Exchange phone numbers, business cards, and emergency and daily contacts.

I. Issue record of meeting minutes to all attendees.


A. Attendance:
1. Owner (Representative, if desired by Owner).
2. Consultant.
3. Contractor (Manager, Superintendent, and Foreman).
4. Subcontractors.

B. Sign-in list for all attending, including names, titles, phone numbers, and company name.

C. Project Review:

1. Problem resolution.
2. Project communication.
3. Change order and/or additional work.
4. Review projected work flow and schedule against work completed to date.
5. Progress payment processing.

D. Job Site Conditions:
1. Review set-up area, material storage, and handling.
2. Review work to date against schedule.
3. Review work by other trades.
4. Review quality of work to-date with Contractor and Manufacturer.

Thursday, December 12, 2013

Modern Day Slavery - Irish activists step up campaign to criminalise paying for sex

Justice department's review of prostitution laws and concerns over women being trafficked boost campaign for criminalisation

Harriet Grant, Wednesday 11 December 2013 19.00 GMT

MDG : Prostitution : teenage prostitute waits for customers in the red light area . The law on prostitution in Ireland has just been reviewed by the Department for Justice, which recommended criminalising the purchase of sex. Ireland appears to be moving inexorably towards the "Nordic model" on prostitution, with cross-party support for moves to target punters by criminalising paying for sex.

Recent research suggests that on any given day there are about 800 sex workers online in Ireland. But the industry has changed hugely in recent years: about 90% of women working in indoor prostitution in Ireland are migrants, raising concerns about the crossover between prostitution and trafficking.

Sarah Benson, chief executive officer of Ruhama, a group that represents migrants working in the sex trade in Ireland, said: "Sex trafficking and prostitution are inextricably linked, it's an incredibly harmful environment for anyone to be in."

Her views represent those of a powerful coalition of non-governmental organisations called Turn off the Red Light, which has been leading a campaign to criminalise paying for sex in Ireland.

There is now cross-parliamentary support for this approach after a review of prostitution laws by the Department of Justice. In his report, the chair of parliament's justice committee, David Stanton, referred to evidence on the reduction of demand for prostitution in Sweden since buying sex was banned in 1999. He said: "Such a reduction in demand will lessen the incidence of harms associated with prostitution and – particularly in view of the predominance of migrant women in prostitution in Ireland – the economic basis for human trafficking into this state."

Benson agrees this indicates higher levels of abuse. "Very few of the migrant women come here by themselves, they arrive here with debt, [and] they are immediately exploited," she said.

Some sex workers worry that the move to criminalise demand will ignore the women who choose to sell sex. "This movement is sweeping from the US across Europe, it's become a modern crusade," said Teresa Whitaker, of the Sex Workers Alliance of Ireland.

"Those women who do get coerced or tricked need proper services and compassion, but the women choosing this work need human rights. The dangers are that this gets driven underground."

However, former prostitutes are among those leading the call for reform. Rachel Moran worked as a prostitute for seven years and is a fierce opponent of any kind of liberalisation. "The act of being bought and sold is hugely damaging in itself, even if a woman rarely or never experiences violence-because prostitution itself is violent. She said men who use prostitutes needed to take responsibility for their role in exploiting those women who are being forced to sell sex."

"I met a young woman, she was kidnapped in the streets of London at 18 and spent five years in Irish brothels, used by too many men to count; men who were quite content to look the other way and pretend not to see her obvious misery."

Whitaker acknowledges that she is on the losing side of the argument, a fact she attributes partly to the religious feeling that underpins Irish society. "If you had a referendum and asked 'Should Ireland criminalise clients of prostitutes?', there would be a yes vote. It's a Catholic country, and the constitution is based on family and marriage."

But for Moran, a moral judgment on prostitution is exactly what she wants to see. "I think that the reason people want prostitution stripped of morality is because if we viewed it through a moral prism it would collapse, and they know it," she said

Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Majlis Perwakilan Pelajar UiTM 2013/14

Berikut adalah senarai Jawatankuasa Perwakilan Pelajar UiTM 2013/14. Tahniah kepada semua JPP 13/14 dan selamat maju jaya. Buat pertama kalinya dalam sejarah MPP/JPP UiTM YDP daripada Fakulti Filem, Teater dan Animasi.

Yang Di Pertua :
Abang Mohd. Hafizie bin Abang Bunsu (Fakulti Filem, Teater dan Animasi)

Naib Yang Di Pertua:
Mohamad Anuar bin Saidin (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Elektrik)

Setiausaha Agung:
Zetty Sufina binti Mohd Zanib (Fakulti Undang-Undang)

Bendahari Kehormat:
Nur Aliyah binti Misri (Fakulti Sains Komputer dan Matematik)

Setiausaha Eksekutif:
Muhammad Zahid bin Mohd Mustapha (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam)

Setiausaha Media dan Korporat:
Fathin Najwa binti Azman (Fakulti Sains Gunaan)

Setiausaha Kerja 1:
Hanna Izzati binti Mohamed Razman (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Kimia)

Setiausaha Kerja 2:
Mohd Fariezzuan bin Harun (Fakulti Sains Kesihatan)

Penolong Bendahari:
Syahmi bin Suhaimi (Fakulti Perakaunan)

Penolong Naib Yang Di Pertua( Kebajikan Mahasiswa):
Mohamad Alif Nazmi bin Zakaria ( Fakulti Pengurusan Perniagaan)

Exco Biasiswa dan Bantuan Kewangan
1) Izzat Rafiq bin Mohamad Mastam (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Kimia)
2) Muhammad Hafizzudin bin Fazri Suhailan (Fakulti Perubatan)

Exco Hal Ehwal Siswi
1) Amalina binti Mohd Halil (Fakulti Sains Kesihatan)
2) Nur Faieza binti Halim (Fakulti Komunikasi dan Pengajian Massa)

Exco Penempatan dan Kolej
1)Nur Fatin Izzati binti Kamarroni (Fakulti Kejuruteraan ELektrik)
2) Mohd Khairul Iskandar (Akademi Pengajian Bahasa)

Exco Penempatan dan Non-Resident
1)Siti Nazila binti Ishak (Fakulti Farmasi)
2)Nor Zarikha binti Zahari (Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Rekreasi)
3)Abdul Ghaffar bin Mohamad (Fakulti Sains Pentadbiran dan Pengajian Polisi)

Exco Kemudahan Pengangkutan
1)Nor Izwan Shah bin Abd Rahim (Fakulti Sains Komputer dan Matematik)
2)Muhammad Alif bin Abdul Hamid (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal)

Exco Perundangan dan Keselamatan
1)Sharifuddin bin Sulaiman (Fakulti Pengurusan Maklumat)
2) Muhammad Nur Firdaus bin Mohd Daud (Fakulti Undang-Undang)
3)Nina Zahira bt Md Ali (Fakulti Muzik)

Penolong Naib Yang Di Pertua (Pembangunan Mahasiswa):
Norhazree bin Mat Daud (Fakulti Pengurusan Hotel dan Pelancongan)

Exco Akademik
1)Nurul Syuhadah binti Norhasini (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam)
2)Luqman bin Zulkarnain (Fakulti Pergigian)

Exco Kerjaya dan Kaunseling
1)Nasihah binti Md Jalal Fahmey (Fakulti Senibina Perancangan dan Ukur)
2)Muhammad Hafiz bin Ahmad Shaharuddin (Fakulti Perubatan)

Exco Kerohanian dan Pembangunan Insan
1) Nor Fasharah Fatin binti Mat Isa (Fakulti Perakaunan)
2)Mohamad Amin bin Ahmad (Fakulti Sains Gunaan)

Exco Sukan dan Rekreasi
1)Muhammad Arif bin Mohd Amir (Fakulti Pendidikan)
2)Afiqah binti Aten (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal)

Exco Kesenian dan Kebudayaan
1)Mohd Azrul bin Zakaria (Fakulti Muzik)
2)Nur Syafiqah binti Abd Mutalib (Fakulti Farmasi)

Penolong Naib Yang Di Pertua (Perhubungan dan Pengantarabangsaan):
Muhammad Hariz bin Iskandar (Fakulti Perladangan dan Agroteknologi)

Exco Perhubungan Kampus dan Alumni
1)Muhammad Waridi bin Lokman Tee (Fakulti Pengurusan Maklumat)
2)Syazwani binti Mohamad (Fakulti Pengurusan Perniagaan)

Exco Perhubungan Luar dan Antarabangsa
1)Hidayatul Helwa binti Hazman (Akademi Pengajian Bahasa)
2)Muhammad Hazim Ridhwan bin Muhammad Zulhainan (Fakulti Pengurusan Hotel dan Pelancongan)

Exco Perhubungan Dalaman
1)Rahimie bin Razali (Fakulti Komunikasi dan Pengajian Media)
2)Nor Liana binti Hasim (Fakulti Senibina Perancangan dan Ukur)

Penolong Naib Yang Di Pertua (Pengurusan Sumber dan Informasi):
Faizah Hanim binti Zainuddin (Fakulti Sains Pentadbiran dan Pengajian Polisi)

Exco Penerangan dan Media
1)Mazrul Azreen bin Aladin (Fakulti Seni Lukis dan Seni Reka)
2)Muhammad Qawiem bin Suhaimi (Fakulti Seni Lukis dan Seni Reka)
3)Fakhrur Razi bin Hj. Ahmad Zulkepy (Fakulti Perladangan dan Agroteknologi)

Exco Pengurusan dan Pentadbiran Dalaman
1)Shah Ameerul Aideen bin Zulkifli (Fakulti Filem Teater dan Animasi)
2)Muhammad Afnas Syahmir bin Abdul Aziz (Fakulti Pergigian)

Exco Keusahawanan
1)Mohd Redzuan bin Abd Rashid (Fakulti Sains Sukan dan Rekreasi)
2)Mohammad Safwan bin Mohd Muzaffar (Fakulti Pendidikan)