Saturday, November 3, 2012

What are the main objectives of a construction project?

What are the main objectives of a construction project?

The main objectives of each construction project (based on the principles of project management) are to erect the building or facility in accordance with the design and specifications, with the most effective use of resources and control of risk, and to complete it:

  • within the budget (allowable cost)
  • on time (within the specified and agreed contract period or legitimate extensions thereof)
  • to an acceptable and agreed standard of quality and workmanship
The above are the “technical” objectives of a project. There are usually other “softer” objectives as well, such as achieving buy-in through participation, capacity building, skills transfer, and promoting job creation and local economic development.

What is Total Quality Management?

What is Total Quality Management?

TQM is a management philosophy, a paradigm, a continuous improvement approach to doing business through a new management model.  The TQM philosophy evolved from the continuous improvement philosophy with a focus on quality as the main dimension of business.  Under TQM, emphasizing the quality of the product or service predominates.  TQM expands beyond statistical process control to embrace a wider scope of management activities of how we manage people and organizations by focusing on the entire process, not just simple measurements.

TQM is a comprehensive management system which:

  • Focuses on meeting owners’/customers’ needs by providing quality services at a cost that provides value to the owners/customers
  • Is driven by the quest for continuous improvement in all operations
  • Recognizes that everyone in the organization has owners/customers who are either internal or external
  • Views an organization as an internal system with a common aim rather than as individual departments acting to maximize their own performances
  • Focuses on the way tasks are accomplished rather than simply what tasks are accomplished
  • Emphasizes teamwork and a high level of participation by all employees

TQM beliefs

  • Presented here are universal total quality management beliefs.
  • Owner/customer satisfaction is the measure of quality
  • Everyone has owners/customers; everyone is an owner/customer
  • Quality improvement must be continuous
  • Analyzing the processes used to create products and services is key to quality improvement
  • Measurement, a skilled use of analytical tools, and employee involvement are critical sources of quality improvement ideas and innovations
  • Sustained total quality management is not possible without active, visible, consistent, and enabling leadership by managers at all levels
  • If we do not continuously improve the quality of products and services that we provide our owners/customers, someone else will

Definition of Project


A  Project is a one-shot, time limited, goal directed, major undertaking, requiring the commitment of varied skills and resources.  It has also been described a s a combination of human and non human resources pooled together in a temporary organization to achieve a specific purpose. The purpose and the set of activities which can achieve that purpose distinguish one project form another.

-Project Management Institute, U.S,A

             ‘’We mean by a project any scheme, or part of sachem, for investing resources which can reasonably be analyzed and evaluated as an independent unit. The definition is thus arbitrary. Almost any project could be broken down into parts for separate consideration; each of these parts would then by definition a project”.

- I.M.D. Little and J.A. Mirrless.  

“A specific activity with a specific starting point and a specific ending point intended to accomplish a specific objective. It is something you draw a boundary around at least a conceptual boundary and say this is the Project”.
-J. Price Gettinger.

“Compilation of data which will enable an appraisal to be made of the economic advantages and disadvantages attendant upon the allocation of country’s resources to the production of specific goods and services.”

-United Nations.

Apa Itu Program Mengubah Anak Bangsa?


Penubuhan program MDAB (Mengubah Destini Anak Bangsa) adalah bertujuan untuk memberi pendidikan kepada anak-anak miskin Melayu dan Bumiputera dan luar bandar yang berpendapatan (gaji kasar) ibubapa kurang dari RM2,000 sebulan*.

Antara tujuan utama program Mengubah Destini Anak Bangsa (MDAB) adalah untuk mengubah landskap masa depan anak-anak Melayu dan Bumiputera yang miskin dengan memberikan :

  • Bantuan Kewangan
  • Bantuan pembangunan diri dan motivasi
  • Lain-lain bantuan atau sokongan sama seperti pelajar UiTM yang lain

Calon-calon yang berkelayakan adalah dipelawa untuk memohon mengikuti pengajian di peringkat Pra-Diploma (Pra Sains ataupun Pra Perdagangan) di bawah Program Mengubah Destini Anak Bangsa (MDAB). 


1. Bumiputera sahaja
2. Pelajar dari golongan kurang berkemampuan atau miskin ;
Tidak dapat meneruskan pengajian disebabkan kemiskinan
Pelajar kategori kurang kemampuan dan tidak dapat meneruskan pengajian ke diploma (SPM kurang daripada 5 Kepujian)
Pendapatan kasar keluarga kurang dari RM2000 sebulan


1. Bumiputera warganegara Malaysia berumur 16 tahun ke atas
2. Lulus SPM (dalam tempoh 5 tahun terkini) dengan 3 kredit termasuk Bahasa Melayu
3. Syarat bagi Program Pra Diploma Perdagangan
Lulus Matematik
Lulus Bahasa Inggeris
4. Syarat bagi Program Pra Diploma Sains
Kepujian Matematik
Lulus Bahasa Inggeris
Dan lulus satu dari subjek Fizik, Kimia, Biologi, Sains Tambahan
Syarat Tambahan : sihat tubuh badan, tidak menghadapi penyakit mental dan berupaya mengikuti program yang dirangka oleh UiTM

1. Kolej disediakan
2. Pengecualian yuran pengajian

Pelajar yang berjaya pada program Pra Diploma akan dibenarkan menyambung pengajian ke peringkat Diploma UiTM

Dimanakah kita (UiTM) bermula - Part 3

YAB Tun Hj. Abdul Razak ayahanda Perdana Menteri Malaysia pada hari ini merasmikan majlis meletak bata asas ITM di Shah Alam pada 14 Oktober 1967.